This page last modified: Jan 12 2005
This document describes the Deft API that is exposed to the outside
world. All of these functions have been written with an internal loop
that unwinds at the top. Some will accumulate the entire stream and
rewind the whole stream at once (aggregation type functions must do
this). Others simply rewind each record as they finish with it.
While user written Deft subroutines are not part of the API, I'll talk
about them briefly.
User written subroutines are simply Perl subroutines in the Deft
script. Deft understands this and wraps them with an unwind and
rewind. Any variables (except $1.. $n) in the user subroutine refer to
and will be created as necessary in the record stream. Variables do
not carry their values over between iterations on the records. In
other words, counters won't work. If you want a counter, you need to
use a Deft API aggregation call (which doesn't exist yet) or write a
new Deft API subroutine (which is pretty easy). Aggregation and other
Deft-ish row and column subroutines are already planned.
Table of Contents
do_sql_simple - SQL queries
dcc - declare control column for templates
do_search - search engine
dump_stream - print record stream for debugging
read_tab_data - read tab separated data file
render - render a template
do_sql_simple ("database", "primary key", "sql statement");
Run an SQL query.
"database" must be a database name in the deft_tables table. Deft uses
information in that record to connect to the named database. The "sql
statement" is run once for each record in the stream. If you need a
variable substitution, just put in the variable with a quoted $. For
example, to find all the records with a keyword match against $findme
in the stream:
do_sql_simple("bug_pages", "", "select * from bug_faq where keywords ilike '%\$findme%' and valid=1");
The "primary key" paramter is only used by insert statements. It will
return the currval of sequence "primary key". (I think.)
keep ("comma list of columns")
Keep the named columns in the stream, throwing out all unnamed
"comma list of columns" is a string with a comma separated list of
column names from the stream. Spaces are probably bad. Columns
that don't exist are ignored. Any columns not named are delete from
the stream. System columns beginning with underscore ( _ ) cannot be
managed from the API, and will always be kept.
dcc ("control column", "columns to aggregate", ["where exp"], ["sorting exp"]);
Declare control column with the result of aggregation, ranking and
"control column" is a column name that is created by dcc. Invent a
name you like.
"columns to aggregate" is a comma separated list of existing columns
which are aggregated. The values in these columns determine how many
times the loop in the template will iterate. Loops only interate for
unique values of the aggregated columns.
["where exp"] is an anonymous array of string expressions that each
look similar to SQL "where" expressions. Each of
these expressions must be true for a record to be aggregated. If you
want all records simply use [""] which is an array with one empty
["sorting exp"] is an anonymous array of string expressions to sort the
control column. No sorting is the empty list  (this is different
from the syntax of the where expression). The format of the strings is
"column,(a|d)(t|n)". For example:
'a' and 'd' are ascending and descending respectively.
't' and 'n' are text and numeric respectively.
Test sorting is alphabetic. Numeric sorting is numeric.
A control column is the controlling variable for a loop in the
template. There must be one and only one of these per template loop.
You may aggregate on multiple columns. In fact, when you nest loops,
you must have all the inner loop's columns aggregated by the
parent. The Deft creators discussed having the parent aggregate the
children automatically, but I don't think that ever happened, so you
have to specify all the inner loop columns.
Logical problems with control columns are probably the most common
reason for a template not to have the expected number of iterated
loops. The other reason would be a failure to get the expected number
of records (i.e. SQL failure).
The values of control columns can be interpreted, but it isn't
easy. When debugging, assume that dcc() is working correctly and that
you have a data, spelling, or column name error. Use dump_stream() to
view column names and values for your stream.
Order of dcc calls within a Deft script should not matter (Deft has
record order independence). The order of the records doesn't matter
since the control column encodes sort order.
See runt template documentation for the format of the control column
specifier within a template.
do_search ("default search", "columns to search", "rank column");
This will use column "findme" or your default to match records from
the column list to search. The "rank column" is created and contains
the number of hits for that record. Use the ranking column in a 'where'
expression in a dcc() call when aggregating.
Matches follow search engine arithmetic, include * as a wildcard, and
may include column specifiers (which partially overrides the columns
to search list). Searches look something like:
'column' is a column name, and if present must be colon terminated.
'+' means this search term must hit for the record to hit.
'-' means this search term must not hit for the record to hit.
'*' is the wild card and can appear at any position in the search
'term' is a word. It can include letters and numbers. Terms are
separted by spaces (whitespace).
The entire expression may be surrounded by "" (double quotes) to allow
Dumps the record stream to standard out. The output is wrapped in HTML
to be web browser friendly. Every column is named alongside it's
value. End of record is marked with eor.
This is a handy diagnostic tool.
read_tab_data ("filename", "column names");
Read a file of tab separated data. Assign the values to the colums
named in the colume name list.
"filename" is a string containing a full path file name.
"column names" is a string containing a comma seprated list of column
names. These columns will be created. I suppose if these columns
exist, they will be overwritten. This function is currently badly
behaved since it does not unwind existing records in the stream (bug).
render ("filename column", "output header", "template file name", "template variable name");
Render the template named.
"filename column" is a column holding the name of the output
file. This is typically the empty string, in which case output goes to
"output header" is prepended to the output. Typically this is an HTML
http header line.
"template file name" is the file name of the original
template. Templates are compiled and saved in the database. At present
Deft must be able to read this file name (full path may be
necessary). However, Deft doesn't not need write access to the
directory containing the template. At present the template is compiled
each time it is called. In the near future the template's timestamp
will be compared with the compiled version in the database and only
re-compiled if the file is newer.
"template variable name" is the name of a variable in the stream
containing the name of the template. If non-null this overrides the
It is important that render() be the last line of the Deft script,
especially in the multitasking version. In the multitasking version,
the last line of Deft is guaranteed to run on the machine that invoked
Deft, and is therefore the only machine where standard out has any
Not currently supported. It was planned as an SQL wrapper.
Not supported. This will be an aggregation subroutine.
Not supported. Old version of dcc().